musiclounge: Upgrade Server To Editon 2023

Upgrade MusicLounge Server Editon 2021 To Editon 2023

# be sure to resize (expand) your data partition

# Odroid C4 with Armbian

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable armbian-resize-filesystem
  2. $ sudo reboot

# Raspberry PI 4 with RaspPI OS, simply run raspi-config and select Advanced Options > Expand Filesystem and reboot

  1. $ sudo raspi-config

# expanding your partition during the boot can take a while (depending the size of your SD Card) so be patient,

# at first boot you should see

Usage of /: 71% of 3.7G

# after expansion on 16GB SD Card

Usage of /: 19% of 14G

# for debian amd64 expand your hard drive if needed using gparted on live distro or from desktop PC is easy
# first move the swap sda2 to end and then resize sda1
# click this link to read the tutorial to expand your disk with GParted


# First, ensure your system is up-to-date in it’s current release.
# update unpncli signature
# go to https://www.lesbonscomptes.com/pages/signatures.html
# download lesbonscomptes.gpg and copy to /usr/share/keyrings/

  1. $ cd ~/Downloads/
  2. $ sudo cp lesbonscomptes.gpg /usr/share/keyrings/

# update buster (ed. 2021) pkgs, the distro must be up to date

  1. $ sudo apt update

# now upgrade pkgs, during installation
# keep local smb.conf
# choose the internal hard drive /dev/sda to install grub if needed (and NOT /dev/sda1)
# otherwise select [default=N] reply

  1. $ sudo apt upgrade

# make a full upgrade to be sure

  1. $ sudo apt full-upgrade

# run update again and you should read
# All packages are up to date.

  1. $ sudo apt update

# now update sources list

  1. $ sudo sed -i 's/buster/bullseye/g' /etc/apt/sources.list
  2. $ sudo sed -i 's/buster/bullseye/g' /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*.list

# update to bullseye sources.list with the entries below

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye main contrib non-free
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates main contrib non-free
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian bullseye-backports main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security/ bullseye-security main contrib non-free
deb-src http://security.debian.org/debian-security/ bullseye-security main contrib non-free

# check and update upnpcli source list

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list.d/*
deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/lesbonscomptes.gpg] http://www.lesbonscomptes.com/upmpdcli/downloads/debian/ bullseye main
deb-src [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/lesbonscomptes.gpg] http://www.lesbonscomptes.com/upmpdcli/downloads/debian/ bullseye main
  1. $ sudo apt clean
  2. $ sudo apt update

# IMPORTANT: on any error fix your sources list before going further

# say YES for restarting services automatically
# for all request (i.e. update conf files) during the upgrade say no
[default=N]

  1. $ sudo apt upgrade

# may require to remove gcc 8 base if the command failed during upgrade because of libc6-dev

  1. $ sudo apt-get remove libgcc-8-dev

# for all request during the upgrade say ‘n’
[default=N] # and obviously keep smb.conf
# make a full upgrade

  1. $ sudo apt full-upgrade

# run update again and you should read
# All packages are up to date.
# otherwise run $ sudo apt full-upgrade AGAIN

  1. $ sudo apt update

# cleanup pkgs

  1. $ sudo apt autoremove -y

# reboot

  1. $ sudo shutdown -r now

# MPD Upgrade
# check the latest release version available on offical website musicpd.org
# for example to download and extract release 0.23.12 in mpd-0.23.12/

  1. $ cd ~/Downloads/
  2. $ sudo wget https://www.musicpd.org/download/mpd/0.23/mpd-0.23.12.tar.xz
  3. $ sudo tar xf mpd-0.23.12.tar.xz

# or get the very latest (unstable dev release) by cloning the MPD git to MPD/

  1. $ sudo git clone https://github.com/MusicPlayerDaemon/MPD.git

#
# read the mpd tutorial to compile and install the latest version of MPD (version 0.23.12 or greater)

# after compilation and installation enable and start the service

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable mpd
  2. $ sudo systemctl start mpd
  3. $ sudo reboot

# check mpd

  1. $ sudo systemctl status mpd

# myMPD Upgrade

  1. $ cd Downloads/

# rename current directory if exists

  1. $ mv myMPD/ myMPD-10.1.7/

# read the myMPD tutorial on website
# to compile and install the latest version of myMPD (version 10.2.0 or greater)
# after compilation and installation generate the config files

  1. $ sudo systemd-run -t -p DynamicUser=yes -p StateDirectory=mympd -p CacheDirectory=mympd /usr/bin/mympd -c

# change port to 8080

  1. $ sudo nano /var/lib/mympd/config/http_port

# deactivate SSL (false)

  1. $ sudo nano /var/lib/mympd/config/ssl

# enable and start service

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable mympd
  2. $ sudo systemctl start mympd
  3. $ sudo reboot

# check

  1. $ sudo systemctl status mympd

# Raspotify Upgrade
# Install latest version of Raspotify on armhf
# before installing purge old version of raspotify

  1. $ sudo apt purge raspotify

# attention on amd64 you need to remove the Raspotify docker image

  1. $ sudo docker stop spot

# list images

  1. $ sudo docker images

# get IMAGE ID and remove it

  1. $ sudo docker rmi IMAGE_ID

# if docker is no longer used you can remove it as well
# for more info see the tutorial on page:
# MusicLounge: Spotify Connect (On amd64 Distro Using Docker)
# docker image is now removed
# to install Raspotify type the following command:

$ sudo apt-get -y install curl && curl -sL https://dtcooper.github.io/raspotify/install.sh | sh

# Edit Raspotify configuration:

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/raspotify/conf

# and change these options only

LIBRESPOT_DEVICE_NAME="MusicLounge"
LIBRESPOT_BITRATE="160"
LIBRESPOT_DEVICE="plughw:1,0"

# CTRL+O to save
# CTRL+X to exit
# now enable and start the service

  1. $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  2. $ sudo systemctl enable raspotify
  3. $ sudo systemctl start raspotify
  4. $ sudo reboot

# check the status

  1. $ sudo systemctl status raspotify

#
# TROUBLESHOOTING
# in case of warning related to libmdns

WARN  libmdns::fsm] dropping truncated packet from 192.168.x.x:5353

# this error is probably due to a bad implementation of mDNS in your router,
# you may update your router firmware or disable zeroconf (librespot discovery) and
# add your credentials to the Raspotify config
# edit conf and enable credential cache, disable discovery
# add your Spotify username and password

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/raspotify/conf
#LIBRESPOT_DISABLE_CREDENTIAL_CACHE=
...
# Disable zeroconf discovery mode.
LIBRESPOT_DISABLE_DISCOVERY=
...
LIBRESPOT_USERNAME="...."
LIBRESPOT_PASSWORD="...."

# NGINX
# check nginx service

  1. $ sudo systemctl status nginx

# in case of error

nginx.service: Failed to parse PID from file /run/nginx.pid: Invalid argument

# make the following changes:

  1. $ sudo mkdir /etc/systemd/system/nginx.service.d
  2. $ sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/nginx.service.d/override.conf

# enter these lines

[Service]
ExecStartPost=/bin/sleep 0.1

# CTRL + X and Y to SAVE

  1. $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  2. $ sudo reboot

# open the ssh session and check the status

  1. $ sudo systemctl status nginx

# check the status of minidlna service

  1. $ sudo systemctl status minidlna

# in case of error related to autofs

/lib/systemd/system/minidlna.service:4: Failed to add dependency on autofs, ignoring: Invalid argument

# edit service to apply this fix

  1. $ sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/minidlna.service

# and replace autofs by autofs.service
# CTRL + X and Y to SAVE

  1. $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  2. $ sudo reboot

# check the status of all other services ( airplay, roon, etc.) should be okay

# Congrats!
# Your MusicLounge audiophile server is fully updated to edition 2023
# now update the music library (database)
# use DroidMyMPD or MALP Android client
# or open your browser with http://musiclounge:8080 (or IP address)
# Enjoy!

misc.: I2S DAC Support

MusicLounge do not support I2S audio dac by default but it’s really easy to add the support of such cards.

Example 1 with Hifiberry DAC Plus RCA and Hiffiberry DAC+ PRO on Raspberry PI 4

Example 2 with Hifi Shield 2 (RCA) on Odriod C4

1- HIFIBERRY DAC And Raspberry PI 4

Make sure the board is correctly connected to the PI 4 and to the power supply (5V 3A)

# edit config.txt

pi@musiclounge:~ $ sudo nano /boot/config.txt

# add at end

dtoverlay=hifiberry-dacplus

CTRL+X to SAVE

List of Hifiberry device tree overlay:

DAC+ Standard/Pro/Amp2

dtoverlay=hifiberry-dacplus

DAC2 HD

dtoverlay=hifiberry-dacplushd

DAC+ ADC

dtoverlay=hifiberry-dacplusadc

DAC+ ADC Pro

dtoverlay=hifiberry-dacplusadcpro

Digi+

dtoverlay=hifiberry-digi

Digi+ Pro

dtoverlay=hifiberry-digi-pro

Reboot and That’s It!

Now check if card number is 1 using aplay -l

pi@musiclounge:~ $ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: Headphones [bcm2835 Headphones], device 0: bcm2835 Headphones [bcm2835 Headphones]
Subdevices: 8/8
Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
Subdevice #1: subdevice #1
Subdevice #2: subdevice #2
Subdevice #3: subdevice #3
Subdevice #4: subdevice #4
Subdevice #5: subdevice #5
Subdevice #6: subdevice #6
Subdevice #7: subdevice #7
card 1: sndrpihifiberry [snd_rpi_hifiberry_dacplus], device 0: HiFiBerry DAC+ Pro HiFi pcm512x-hifi-0 [HiFiBerry DAC+ Pro HiFi pcm512x-hifi-0]
Subdevices: 1/1
Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

The trick here is to keep dtparam=audio=on (native headphone) to shift Hifiberry DAC to card number 1 to be dirrectly compatible with MusicLounge audio server settings.

if card number is different go HERE to reconfigure MPD and other audio services

and if you use the alsa equalizer plugin do not forget to change the plughw id in .asoundrc, see the tutorial here

here is a basic setup of the mpd output audio for hifiberry dac

audio_output {
type "alsa"
name "Hifiberry"
device "hw:1,0"
mixer_type "hardware"
mixer_control "Digital"
mixer_device "hw:1"
mixer_index "0"
dop "yes"
}

2- HIFI SHIELD 2 AND ODROID C4

Make sure the board is correctly connected to the C4 and to the power supply ( more info available HERE ).

# Edit /media/boot/config.ini to edit the DTBO settings. Open that file and find the part shown below. The below settings different from the default, it adds a new section named overlay_hifishield and uses that section by the overlay_profile variable.

@musiclounge:~ $ sudo nano /media/boot/config.ini
; Device Tree Overlay
overlay_resize=16384
overlay_profile=hifishield
overlays="spi0 i2c0 i2c1 uart0"
 
[overlay_custom]
overlays="i2c0 i2c1"
 
[overlay_hktft32]
overlays="hktft32"
 
[overlay_hktft35]
overlays="hktft35"
 
[overlay_hifishield]
overlays="hifishield"

Reboot and That’s It!

Now check if card number is 1 using aplay -l

pi@musiclounge:~ $ aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: ODROIDHDMI [ODROID-HDMI], device 0: SPDIF-dit-hifi dit-hifi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
card 1: ODROIDHIFI [ODROID-HIFI], device 0: TDM-B-pcm5102a-hifi multicodec-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

if card number is different go HERE to reconfigure MPD and other audio services


List of other Raspberry PI device tree overlay (untested):

502-dac
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dacplus
502-dac-pro
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dacplus
503hta-hybrid
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
adafruit-max98357
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
adafruit-uda1334a
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac,i2s-mmap
allo-boss-dac
dtoverlay= allo-boss-dac-pcm512x-audio
allo-digione
dtoverlay= allo-digione
allo-katana-dac
dtoverlay= allo-katana-dac-audio
applepi-dac
dtoverlay= applepi-dac
audio-injector-isolated
dtoverlay= audioinjector-isolated-soundcard
audio-injector-ultra
dtoverlay= audioinjector-ultra
audiophonics-es9028q2m-dac
dtoverlay= i-sabre-q2m
bassfly
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
bassfly-mic
dtoverlay= googlevoicehat-soundcard
bassowl
dtoverlay= bassowl
es90x8q2m-dac
dtoverlay= es90x8q2m-dac
fe-pi-audio
dtoverlay= fe-pi-audio
generic-dac
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
hifibox-dac
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dacplus
iqaudio-amp
dtoverlay= iqaudio-dacplus,unmute_amp
iqaudio-dacplus
dtoverlay= iqaudio-dacplus,unmute_amp
iqaudio-digiplus
dtoverlay= iqaudio-digi-wm8804-audio
justboom-amp
dtoverlay= justboom-dac
justboom-dac
dtoverlay= justboom-dac
justboom-digi
dtoverlay= justboom-digi
mamboberry-dac
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
merus-amp
dtoverlay= merus-amp
nanosound-dac
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dacplus
osa-dacberry-one-plus
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dacplus
osa-dacberry-pro
dtoverlay= iqaudio-dacplus
phat-beat
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
phat-dac
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
piano-dac
dtoverlay= allo-piano-dac-pcm512x-audio
piano-dac-plus
dtoverlay= allo-piano-dac-plus-pcm512x-audio
picade-hat
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
pisound
dtoverlay= pisound
raspiaudio
dtoverlay= googlevoicehat-soundcard
raspidacv3
dtoverlay= raspidac3
rpi-dac
dtoverlay= rpi-dac
soekris-dac
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
speaker-phat
dtoverlay= hifiberry-dac
st400-dac-amp
dtoverlay= iqaudio-dacplus
taudac
dtoverlay= taudac
terraberry-dac2
dtoverlay= i-sabre-q2m

MISC.: Preparing A Minimal Linux Distro (Odriod C4 Example)


# preparing your linux distro
# before following our tutorials and build your audiophile server

# our ready to use audiophile server distribution image disk (MusicLounge) is available here

# all info below are applicable to Odroid and others boards like raspberry PI or barebone PC
# beware official Odroid Linux Kernel version (v3.16.85) is outdated and do not contains the Native DSD patch
# you need version 4.19.64 or greater to play native DSD,
# however selecting DOP MPD audio output will works with limitation

# To build the MusicLounge Audiophile Server we recommended:
# Armbian Focal or Jammy Linux Distro on Odroid C4,
# RaspiOS lite (Debian) buster or Bulleyes for Raspberry PI 4,
# latest stable Debian Standard or Ubuntu server for amd64 (buster or bullseye)

# MPD version 0.23.12 and 0.22.8 for old distribution
# myMPD version 10.2.0 and 10.7.1 for old distribution

# before building you audiophile server the software requirements are simple:
# pi user must be set
# ssh must be set
# alsa must be installed and should recognize your usb dac (command: aplay -l )

# get the img from repository (armbian, raspberry, debian)
# burn it on SDCARD (8GB is enough) with any tool like Win32DiskImager app on Windows
# connect your usb DAC
# boot
# and start the ssh session
# default login/pass:
# on odroid: root/odroid or root/1234
# on raspberry PI: pi/raspberry
# on amd64 Debian: root password is created during the installation
# on our MusicLounge distro: pi/musiclounge

# the root password needed to be changed immediately
# and a new user (non root) must be created (see below)

New root password: ************************
Repeat password: ************************

Choose default system command shell:

1) bash
2) zsh

Shell: BASH

Creating a new user account. Press  to abort

Please provide a username (eg. your forename): pi
Create password: ************************
Repeat password: ************************

Please provide your real name: Pi

Dear Pi, your account pi has been created and is sudo enabled.
Please use this account for your daily work from now on.

# sanity check

  1. $ sudo apt update -y
  2. $ sudo apt upgrade -y

# on armbian ssh is available by default

# on RaspiOS you need to add an empty file named ssh inside the sdcard before booting the OS

# on Ubuntu server amd64 SSH is activated during installation

# on Debian Standard amd64 you need to install openssh-server pkg

# on Debian netinstall you need to install sudo and pi to sudo group

  1. $ su - root
  2. $ apt install sudo
  3. $ usermod -aG sudo pi

# after the first boot add user pi to sudoers on Debian

  1. $ su - root
  2. $ nano /etc/sudoers

# find line root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL and add this line

pi ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL

# save
# CTRL+X then type y and enter
# go back to user

  1. exit

# install ssh server
# not needed on debian netinstall distro as you normally install SSH server during the installation process

  1. $ sudo apt install openssh-server -y

# active service

  1. $ sudo systemctl start ssh
  2. $ sudo systemctl enable ssh

# HEADLESS PC Server (boot without monitor on)
# BEWARE: if you install a distro supposed to work with GUI like Ubuntu/Debian
# and EVEN IF YOU DID NOT INSTALL A USER INTERFACE you may not be able to boot without a monitor!
# fortunately we can fix it by changed a few lines in grub bootloader to get our headless audio server

# edit grub conf

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/default/grub

# and modify the parameters of GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT and GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX to

GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=""
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="text"

# and obviously uncomment this line

GRUB_TERMINAL=console

# SAVE
# CTRL+X then type y and ENTER key

# now update grub

  1. $ sudo update-grub

that’s it!


# optional: if bash auto-completion (automatically completing of file names, commands and more) is not installed by default

  1. $ sudo apt-get install bash-completion

# audio check
# plug your usb DAC and type the cmd below to list soundcard, your dac must be in the list:

  1. $ aplay -l

# alsa should be already installed (not in ubuntu server no soundcard driver by default)
# if your dac is not visible, install ALSA:

  1. $ sudo apt-get install alsa-utils alsa-tools libasound2

# list devices to see if your DAC is recognized

  1. $ aplay -l
root@odroid:~# aplay -l
**** List of PLAYBACK Hardware Devices ****
card 0: ODROIDHDMI [ODROID-HDMI], device 0: I2S dit-hifi-0 []
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
card 1: D90 [D90], device 0: USB Audio [USB Audio]
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

# your usb DAC should be visible in the list

# if still it’s not visible (no soundcard error)
# list installed alsa pkgs, remove them and reinstall alsa
#
# alsa-base pkg could be omited if not present in repository

  1. $ sudo dpkg -l alsa*
  2. $ sudo apt --purge remove alsa-base alsa-firmware-loaders alsa-oss alsa-source alsa-tools alsa-tools-gui alsa-topology-conf alsa-ucm-conf alsamixergui alsa-utils
  3. $ sudo apt-get install alsa-base alsa-utils alsa-tools libasound2
  4. $ sudo reboot

# check alsa status

  1. $ sudo systemctl status alsa-utils.service

# if alsa service is masked unmask it

  1. $ sudo rm /lib/systemd/system/alsa-utils.service
  1. $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
  1. $ sudo systemctl enable alsa-utils
  2. $ sudo systemctl start alsa-utils

# check the status again everything should be okay

  1. $ sudo systemctl status alsa-utils.service

# on a minimal linux distro with only root you need to create a new user ‘pi’ (or other name) which going to be used to build your MusicLounge audiophile server
# if you’re already login as pi user skip the creation below and go to adding groups directly


# create a user pi:

  1. $ adduser pi
root@odroid:~# adduser pi
Adding user `pi' ...
Adding new group `pi' (1000) ...
Adding new user `pi' (1000) with group `pi' ...
Creating home directory `/home/pi' ...
Copying files from `/etc/skel' ...
Enter new UNIX password:
Retype new UNIX password:
passwd: password updated successfully
Changing the user information for pi
Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default
        Full Name []: PI
        Room Number []:
        Work Phone []:
        Home Phone []:
        Other []:
Is the information correct? [Y/n] y

# add new user to all default groups

  1. $ sudo usermod -aG adm,dialout,cdrom,sudo,audio,www-data,video,plugdev,games,users,input,netdev pi
  1. $ groups pi

# reboot, login pi (skip this step if you are already logged in as pi user)

  1. $ sudo reboot
login as: pi
pi@192.168.1.11's password:
  ___      _           _     _    ____ _  _
 / _ \  __| |_ __ ___ (_) __| |  / ___| || |
| | | |/ _` | '__/ _ \| |/ _` | | |   | || |_
| |_| | (_| | | | (_) | | (_| | | |___|__   _|
 \___/ \__,_|_|  \___/|_|\__,_|  \____|  |_|

Welcome to Armbian 21.05.2 Focal with Linux 5.10.34-meson64

System load:   45%              Up time:       0 min
Memory usage:  4% of 3.73G      IP:            192.168.1.11
CPU temp:      42°C             Usage of /:    10% of 14G
RX today:      31.0 MiB

[ 0 security updates available, 4 updates total: apt upgrade ]

To run a command as administrator (user "root"), use "sudo ".
See "man sudo_root" for details.

pi@odroidc4:~$

# your linux distro is now ready

# click the link below to follow our tutorials and build the MusicLounge Audiophile Server

BUILD THE MUSICLOUNGE AUDIOPHILE DISTRO

MISC: Tips & Tricks


# RANDOM LINUX TIPS & TRICKS


# Get INFO/VERSION

# Raspberry PI model / revision / serial

  1. $ cat /proc/device-tree/model
  1. $ cat /proc/cpuinfo

# SN#:

  1. $ cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep Serial | cut -d ' ' -f 2

# 10000000XXXXXXXX


  1. $ cat /proc/asound/version
  1. $ dpkg -l alsa*

# Kernel version

  1. $ uname -a

# fedora update kernel/system

  1. $ dnf -y update && dnf -y upgrade

# For example, to add the user linuxize to the sudo group you would run the following command:

  1. $ sudo usermod -a -G sudo linuxize

# Configure to boot into Raspbian Desktop

  1. $ sudo raspi-config

# use your arrow keys to navigate to Enable Boot to Desktop and press enter. Select the Desktop login option and press enter.

# Configure to boot into Raspbian Desktop (without raspi-config)

  1. $ sudo update-rc.d lightdm disable

# Raspberry testing repository

# replace buster by testing in /etc/apt/sources.list

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

# # from
# deb http://raspbian.raspberrypi.org/raspbian/ buster main contrib non-free rpi
# # to
# deb http://raspbian.raspberrypi.org/raspbian/ bullseye main contrib non-free rpi

  1. $ sudo apt update

# check if process is locked

  1. $ ps aux | grep -i apt

# kill process (replace pid_id by the process ID number)

  1. $ sudo kill pid_id

# check if killed

  1. $ sudo kill -9 pid_id

# Disable DEBIAN 10 GUI:

  1. $ sudo systemctl set-default multi-user.target
  1. $ sudo reboot

To re-enable the GUI:

  1. $ sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target
  1. $ sudo reboot

# activate raspberry pi WIFI

  1. $ sudo raspi-config

# Select “Localisation Options” then select “change WLAN country”

# then enter root

  1. $ sudo su

# generate wpa_passphrase using your SSID and followed by typing the wifi password
# replace YOUR-SSID by the exact name of your wifi network name

  1. $ wpa_passphrase "YOUR-SSID" >> /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

# check if the configuration is okay

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf

# should contain something like this:
# the country= must contains a 2 letters ISO 3166-1 of your country code

  1. ctrl_interface=DIR=/var/run/wpa_supplicant GROUP=netdev
  2. update_config=1
  3. country=GB
  4. # reading passphrase from stdin
  5. network={
  6. ssid="YOUR-SSID"
  7. psk=47abc8153891372573fc831a0bab0346b07cb900ada28dc52686359cc60ab9e7
  8. }

# network IP info

  1. $ ifconfig

# scan wifi network

  1. $ sudo iwlist wlan0 scan

# power OFF / ON HDMI raspberry pi

# hdmi OFF

  1. $ sudo /opt/vc/bin/tvservice -o

# hdmi ON

  1. $ sudo /opt/vc/bin/tvservice -p

# AMD64 Useful Cmds

# get hostname

  1. $ hostnamectl

# set hostname

  1. $ sudo hostnamectl set-hostname musiclounge
  1. $ sudo nano /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost
127.0.1.1 musiclounge

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1 localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters

  1. $ sudo reboot

# Check your current Ethernet connection speed

# install ethtool utility

  1. $ sudo apt-get install ethtool

# determine the name of your ethernet interface usually eth0 or enp3s0

  1. $ ip a

# get the speed

  1. $ sudo ethtool eth0 | grep -i speed

# get current playback info useful to check if current playback is DSD native (DSD_U32_BE)

  1. $ cat /proc/asound/card*/pcm*p/sub*/hw_params

# in case you have to entry commands from the server console and not from remote PC/SSH session
# you may want to change the keyboard layout
# use the followinf cmd on debian

  1. sudo dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration

MusicLounge: Multi Room Audio Configuration

Multi Room Audio Configuration

# if you intend to create a multi-room audiophile configuration sharing the same music library on your LAN network
# Use the script below to configure your audio server very easily.

# create the script in scripts directory

  1. $ sudo nano ~/scripts/musicloungerenamer.sh

# insert these lines (copy then right-click on ssh session)

#!/bin/bash

# File: musicloungerenamer.sh
# Author: Linux Audio Foundation
# Requirements: MusicLounge Audiophile Distro
# Link: https://linuxaudiofoundation.org/musiclounge-multi-room-audio-configuration/
#
# get current arch
arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture)

# check if run as root
if [ "$(id -u)" -ne 0 ]; then
echo "This script must be run by root" >&2
exit 1
fi

CURR_HNAME=$(cat /etc/hostname)

NEW_HOSTNAME=$1
NEW_HOSTNAMELOW=${NEW_HOSTNAME,,}
echo "current hostname: ${CURR_HNAME}" >&2
echo "new hostname: ${NEW_HOSTNAME}" >&2

# empty new hostname
if [ -z "${NEW_HOSTNAME}" ]; then
echo "error: hostname (first parameter) is empty!" >&2
exit 1
fi

# no change
if [ "${CURR_HNAME}" == "${NEW_HOSTNAME}" ]; then
echo "Same host name exit with no change." >&2
exit 1
fi

# hostname cfg
sudo sed -i "s/$CURR_HNAME/$NEW_HOSTNAMELOW/g" /etc/hostname

# hosts
sudo sed -i "s/$CURR_HNAME/$NEW_HOSTNAMELOW/g" /etc/hosts

echo "hostname and hosts changed to: ${NEW_HOSTNAMELOW}" >&2

# mini dlna cfg
sudo sed -i "s/$CURR_HNAME/$NEW_HOSTNAME/I" /etc/minidlna.conf
echo "minidlna service changed to: ${NEW_HOSTNAME}" >&2

# upmpdcli (upnp)cfg
sudo sed -i "s/$CURR_HNAME/$NEW_HOSTNAME/I" /etc/upmpdcli.conf
echo "upnp service changed to: ${NEW_HOSTNAME}" >&2

# air play cfg
# nothing to do as general section contains name = "%H" which is current hostname
sudo sed -i "s/$CURR_HNAME/$NEW_HOSTNAME/I" /etc/shairport-sync.conf
echo "AirPlay service changed to: ${NEW_HOSTNAME}" >&2

# spotify connect armhf & arm64 cfg
if [ "amd64" != "$arch" ]; then
# armhf and arm64
sudo sed -i "s/$CURR_HNAME/$NEW_HOSTNAME/I" /etc/default/raspotify
echo "Spotify Connect (armhf/arm64) service changed to: ${NEW_HOSTNAME}" >&2
fi

# docker spot container on amd64 cfg
if [ "amd64" == "$arch" ]; then
# read -p "Press any key to stop Spotify Connect service"
sudo docker ps -q --filter "name=spot" | grep -q . && docker stop spot && docker rm -fv spot
# read -p "Press any key to change the new of Spotify Connect to ${NEW_HOSTNAME}"
export SPOTNAME=$(echo "NAME=${NEW_HOSTNAME}")
sudo docker run -d --restart unless-stopped \
--name "spot" \
--env $SPOTNAME \
--volume /tmp \
--group-add audio \
--device /dev/snd \
--net host \
--cap-drop ALL \
--read-only \
dubodubonduponey/librespot \
--backend alsa \
--device plughw:1,0 \
--disable-audio-cache \
--initial-volume=100
echo "Spotify Connect (Docker amd64) service changed to: ${NEW_HOSTNAME}" >&2
fi

# ask before rebooting
while true; do
read -p "Hostname and services have been changed for ${NEW_HOSTNAME}, reboot for the change to take effect (y / n)? " yx
case $yx in
[Yy]* ) sudo reboot; break;;
* ) exit;;
esac
done

# CTRL+O to save
# CTRL+X to exit

# change permision

  1. $ sudo chmod +x ~/scripts/musicloungerenamer.sh

# we suggest a name which identify the room easily like a Music or Audio prefix + the room name (e.g MusicBedroom, MusicLivingroom, MusicKitchen,…)
# run the script with the audio server name in parameter, example:

  1. $ cd scripts/
  2. $ sudo ./musicloungerenamer.sh MusicKitchen

# type y to reboot the server
# that’s it!

MusicLounge: TIDAL Connect Installation

# OPTIONAL: install Tidal Connect,

# using your DAC to listen music from Tidal

Tidal Connect is a service similar to Spotify Connect. Using the Tidal app to play a song you can easily click the device selector icon (top right) to select the Musiclounge Streamer audio server.

We are going to install it on MusicLounge Audio Server for Raspberry PI 4 as Tidal connect linux binary seems to be only available on arm 32bit (Raspberry PI). This installation is based on https://github.com/shawa github repo.


# if install pkg ends with error:
# “Failed to start The PHP 7.3 FastCGI Process Manager”
# type the cmd below to create the missing directory:

  1. $ sudo mkdir /var/run/php

# add stretch repo to sources list
# we need to temporary add it to install old libavformat.so.57

# add line:

deb http://archive.raspbian.org/raspbian stretch main
  1. $ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

CTRL+X and y to save

# update pkgs list

  1. $ sudo apt update

# install dependencies

  1. $ sudo apt install -y libavformat57 libportaudio2* libflac++6v5*

# edit again /etc/apt/sources.list to disable (place # to comment) debian stretch repo after the installation of the libs

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list
#deb http://archive.raspbian.org/raspbian stretch main

# CTRL+X and Y to Save


# install other dependencies

  1. $ sudo curl -k -O -L http://security.debian.org/debian-security/pool/updates/main/o/openssl/libssl1.0.0_1.0.1t-1+deb8u12_armhf.deb
  1. $ sudo apt install -y ./libssl1.0.0_1.0.1t-1+deb8u12_armhf.deb
  1. $ sudo curl -k -O -L http://security.debian.org/debian-security/pool/updates/main/c/curl/libcurl3_7.38.0-4+deb8u16_armhf.deb
  1. $ sudo apt install -y ./libcurl3_7.38.0-4+deb8u16_armhf.deb

# create working folder

  1. $ sudo mkdir /usr/ifi

# enter directory

  1. $ cd /usr/ifi

# clone git repo inside the directory

  1. $ sudo git clone https://github.com/shawaj/ifi-tidal-release

# fix file permissions

  1. $ sudo chmod +x /usr/ifi/ifi-tidal-release/play
  1. $ sudo chmod +x /usr/ifi/ifi-tidal-release/bin/tidal_connect_application
  1. $ sudo chmod +x /usr/ifi/ifi-tidal-release/pa_devs/run.sh

# deploy tidal service

  1. $ sudo ./ifi-tidal-release/file-deploy.sh

# get your device name

  1. $ aplay -l

# in this example the USB DAC detected is a Topping D90 MQA on card 1

card 0: Headphones [bcm2835 Headphones], device 0: bcm2835 Headphones [bcm2835 Headphones]
  Subdevices: 8/8
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0
  Subdevice #1: subdevice #1
 ...
card 1: MQA [D90 MQA], device 0: USB Audio [USB Audio]
  Subdevices: 1/1
  Subdevice #0: subdevice #0

# edit the tidal connect service to update your device name

# change parameter -f and –model-name with Musiclounge Streamer
# if your DAC supports MQA set parameter –codec-mqa and –enable-mqa-passthrough to true
# and change (or add) parameter –playback-device with your USB DAC name followed by “: USB Audio (hw:x,0)”
# x corresponding to the card number: (hw:1,0) for card 1

  1. $ sudo nano /lib/systemd/system/ifi-streamer-tidal-connect.service
[Unit]
Description=RasPi Streamer Tidal Connect Service
[Service]
Restart=on-failure
ExecStart=/usr/ifi/ifi-tidal-release/bin/tidal_connect_application \
                                --tc-certificate-path "/usr/ifi/ifi-tidal-release/id_certificate/IfiAudio_ZenStream.dat" \
                                -f "Musiclounge Streamer" \
                                --codec-mpegh true \
                                --codec-mqa true \
                                --model-name "Musiclounge Streamer" \
                                --disable-app-security false \
                                --disable-web-security false \
                                --enable-mqa-passthrough true \
                                --log-level 3 \
                                --enable-websocket-log "0"
                                --playback-device "D90 MQA: USB Audio (hw:1,0)"

User=root
Group=root
RestartSec=1
KillMode=control-group
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

# CTRL+X and Y to Save


# start service and check on status

  1. $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

# enable service at startup

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable ifi-streamer-tidal-connect.service

# start service

  1. $ sudo systemctl start ifi-streamer-tidal-connect.service

# Check the status

# the status is very important to check if the service is enabled and run correctly

# also useful to get the correct name of valid device(s)
# see the instructions above to change the –playback-device parameter

  1. $ sudo systemctl status ifi-streamer-tidal-connect.service

MusicLounge: ROON Brigde / Server


# install official ROON brigde/server

  1. $ sudo apt-get update



# make sure curl is installed

  1. $ sudo apt install curl



# install dependency (ffmpeg lib)

  1. $ sudo apt-get install ffmpeg



# setup directory for installation

  1. $ sudo mkdir ~/Downloads/roon_server


  1. $ cd ~/Downloads/roon_server/



# Roon Server x86_64

  1. $ sudo curl -O http://download.roonlabs.com/builds/roonserver-installer-linuxx64.sh


  1. $ sudo chmod +x roonserver-installer-linuxx64.sh


  1. $ sudo ./roonserver-installer-linuxx64.sh



# Roon Bridge x86_64

  1. $ curl -O http://download.roonlabs.com/builds/roonbridge-installer-linuxx64.sh


  1. $ chmod +x roonbridge-installer-linuxx64.sh


  1. $ sudo ./roonbridge-installer-linuxx64.sh



# Roon Bridge armv7hf (32 bit)

  1. $ sudo curl -O http://download.roonlabs.com/builds/roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv7hf.sh


  1. $ sudo chmod +x roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv7hf.sh


  1. $ sudo ./roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv7hf.sh



# Roon Bridge armv8 (64 Bit)

  1. $ sudo curl -O http://download.roonlabs.com/builds/roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv8.sh


  1. $ sudo chmod +x roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv8.sh


  1. $ sudo ./roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv8.sh



# roon is now activated, get the status
# roon server

  1. $ sudo systemctl status roonserver

# roon bridge

  1. $ sudo systemctl status roonbridge

# Log File Location
# If you used the easy installer, log files can be found in `/var/roon/RoonServer/Logs`, `/var/roon/RAATServer/Logs`, and `/var/roon/RoonBridge/Logs`.

# activate or deactivate service
# roon server

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable roonserver
  1. $ sudo systemctl disable roonserver

# roon bridge

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable roonbridge
  1. $ sudo systemctl disable roonbridge

# start, stop, status or restart service
# roon server

  1. $ sudo systemctl start roonserver
  1. $ sudo systemctl stop roonserver
  1. $ sudo systemctl restart roonserver
  1. $ sudo systemctl status roonserver

# roon bridge

  1. $ sudo systemctl start roonbridge
  1. $ sudo systemctl stop roonbridge
  1. $ sudo systemctl restart roonbridge
  1. $ sudo systemctl status roonbridge

# Uninstalling
# You can reverse the steps of the easy installer by running it with ‘uninstall’ as a command line parameter. For example:
# Roon Server x86_64

  1. $ sudo ~/Downloads/roonserver/roonserver-installer-linuxx64.sh uninstall

# Roon Bridge x86_64

  1. $ sudo ~/Downloads/roonserver/roonbridge-installer-linuxx64.sh uninstall

# Roon Bridge armv7hf (32 bit)

  1. $ sudo ~/Downloads/roonserver/roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv7hf.sh uninstall

# Roon Bridge armv8 (64 Bit)

  1. $ sudo ~/Downloads/roonserver/roonbridge-installer-linuxarmv8.sh uninstall


MusicLounge: Squeezelite Player


# STEP21

# Add Squeezelite player (outdated emulation of squeezelitebox for using with LMS player)

# using your DAC to listen music from Logitech Media Server or any LMS media player

  1. $ sudo apt-get install squeezelite


# Edit conf. with 2 change only:

# type:

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/default/squeezelite


# SL_NAME="MusicLounge";

# SB_EXTRA_ARGS="-o plughw:1,0"

# CTRL+O to save
# CTRL+X to exit

# Activate:

  1. $ sudo systemctl restart squeezelite


# That's it!

# enable/disable service:

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable squeezelite-service



# or

  1. $ sudo systemctl disable squeezelite-service


  1. $ sudo reboot


# More info:
https://github.com/ralph-irving/squeezelite

https://www.mysqueezebox.com/

MusicLounge: AirPlay Server


# STEP20

# Add Airplay server (16 bit 44.1 audio only)

# using your DAC to listen music from Apple devices

# We’re going to build the latest ShairportSync project which is the best implementation of airplay today

# building ShairportSync type these cmds:

# get dependencies:

  1. $ sudo apt-get install autoconf automake avahi-daemon build-essential git libasound2-dev libavahi-client-dev libconfig-dev libdaemon-dev libpopt-dev libssl-dev libtool xmltoman


# get source:

  1. $ cd ~/Downloads/
  1. $ git clone https://github.com/mikebrady/shairport-sync.git


# build (with alsa):

  1. $ cd shairport-sync


  1. $ autoreconf -i -f


  1. $ ./configure --with-alsa --with-avahi --with-ssl=openssl --with-systemd --with-metadata


# Make and install:

# make

  1. $ sudo make install


# Activate:

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable shairport-sync


# Edit conf. with 2 change only:

# type:

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/shairport-sync.conf


# in general section:

name = "MusicLounge";

# in alsa section:

output_device = "plughw:1,0"

# CTRL+O to save
# CTRL+X to exit

# Start:

  1. $ sudo service shairport-sync start

# That's it!


# on AMD64 (Debian 10 buster 64 Bit) if airplay service failed to start with error Failed to start Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Stack
# then do the following

  1. $ sudo systemctl stop docker
  2. $ sudo systemctl stop docker.socket

# reinstall corrupted lib

  1. $ cd ~/Downloads

# download

  1. $ sudo wget http://ftp.de.debian.org/debian/pool/main/a/avahi/libavahi-core7_0.7-4+deb10u1_amd64.deb

# install:

  1. $ dpkg -i libavahi-core7_0.7-4+deb10u1_amd64.deb
  1. $ sudo apt reinstall avahi-daemon
  1. $ sudo reboot

# Mode info on shairport sync:
https://github.com/mikebrady/shairport-sync-for-openwrt

MusicLounge: Spotify Connect (On amd64 Distro Using Docker)


# STEP 19bis

** SKIP THIS INSTALLATION IF RASPOTIFY IS ALREADY INSTALLED **

# run Spotify Connect Client on Intel/AMD 64 Bit (amd64 platform)

# Install latest version of Raspotify on amd64, arm64 and armhf is very easy
# type the following command:

$ sudo apt-get -y install curl && curl -sL https://dtcooper.github.io/raspotify/install.sh | sh

# #################################################################################
# Edit Raspotify configuration:
# #################################################################################

  1. $ sudo nano /etc/raspotify/conf
LIBRESPOT_DEVICE_NAME="MusicLounge"
LIBRESPOT_BITRATE="160"
LIBRESPOT_DEVICE="plughw:1,0"

# CTRL+O to save
# CTRL+X to exit

  1. $ sudo systemctl enable raspotify
  1. $ sudo systemctl start raspotify

# check the status

  1. $ sudo systemctl status raspotify

# Spotify Connect is now available!
# start a song, click the devices icon (bottom left) and choose MusicLounge.
# That’s it!

Read the instruction below to install an old version of Raspotify using docker.

# using Docker (librespot)
# More info available here:
https://github.com/dubo-dubon-duponey/docker-librespot

# ###################################################################################
# Beware Docker sub network can be in conflict with your LAN network configuration

# Install Docker

  1. $ sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https ca-certificates curl gnupg lsb-release


  1. $ curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/debian/gpg | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg


  1. $ echo "deb [arch=amd64 signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/docker-archive-keyring.gpg] https://download.docker.com/linux/debian $(lsb_release -cs) stable" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null


  1. $ sudo apt update


  1. $ sudo apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

# check docker version installed

  1. $ apt-cache madison docker-ce


#check status (must be ACTIVE running )

  1. $ sudo systemctl status docker


# Install librespot container from
# https://github.com/dubo-dubon-duponey/docker-librespot

# download it

  1. $ sudo docker pull dubodubonduponey/librespot


# list all containers

  1. $ sudo docker images


# run librespot (as daemon) container name is spot with
# usb DAC device on card 1 (plughw:1,0 could be also hw:1,0 )
# Spotify Connect name is MusicLounge

$ sudo docker run -d --restart unless-stopped \
    --name "spot" \
    --env "NAME=MusicLounge" \
    --volume /tmp \
    --group-add audio \
    --device /dev/snd \
    --net host \
    --cap-drop ALL \
    --read-only \
    dubodubonduponey/librespot \
    --backend alsa \
    --device plughw:1,0 \
    --disable-audio-cache \
    --initial-volume=100

# Spotify Connect is now available!
# start a song, click the devices icon (bottom left) and choose MusicLounge Spotify Connect


# if MusicLounge is not visble on the Spotify connect devices list,
# stop the container and check the parameters before running again

# list of containers,

  1. $ sudo docker container ls

# if spot is in the list stop it

  1. $ sudo docker stop spot
  2. $ sudo docker rm spot

# then check your parameters and run it again (see the above command)


# librespot docker options

# -c, –cache CACHE Path to a directory where files will be cached.
# –disable-audio-cache
# Disable caching of the audio data.
# -n, –name NAME Device name
# –device-type DEVICE_TYPE
# Displayed device type
# -b, –bitrate BITRATE
# Bitrate (96, 160 or 320). Defaults to 160
# –onevent PROGRAM
# Run PROGRAM when playback is about to begin.
# –emit-sink-events
# Run program set by –onevent before sink is opened and after it is closed.
# -v, –verbose Enable verbose output
# -u, –username USERNAME
# Username to sign in with
# -p, –password PASSWORD
# Password
# –proxy PROXY HTTP proxy to use when connecting
# –ap-port AP_PORT
# Connect to AP with specified port. If no AP with that
# port are present fallback AP will be used. Available
# ports are usually 80, 443 and 4070
# –disable-discovery
# Disable discovery mode
# –backend BACKEND
# Audio backend to use. Use ‘?’ to list options
# –device DEVICE Audio device to use. Use ‘?’ to list options if using portaudio or alsa
# –mixer MIXER Mixer to use (alsa or softvol) -m,
# –mixer-name MIXER_NAME
# Alsa mixer name, e.g “PCM” or “Master”. Defaults to ‘PCM’
# –mixer-card MIXER_CARD
# Alsa mixer card, e.g “hw:0” or similar from `aplay -l`. Defaults to ‘default’
# –mixer-index MIXER_INDEX
# Alsa mixer index, Index of the cards mixer. Defaults to 0
# –mixer-linear-volume
# Disable alsa’s mapped volume scale (cubic). Default false
# –initial-volume VOLUME
# Initial volume in %, once connected (must be from 0 to 100)
# –zeroconf-port ZEROCONF_PORT
# The port the internal server advertised over zeroconf uses.
# –enable-volume-normalisation
# Play all tracks at the same volume
# –normalisation-pregain PREGAIN
# Pregain (dB) applied by volume normalisation
# –volume-ctrl VOLUME_CTRL
# Volume control type – [linear, log, fixed]. Default is logarithmic
# –autoplay autoplay similar songs when your music ends.
# –disable-gapless
# disable gapless playback.


# remove librespot container

# list of containers,

  1. $ sudo docker container ls

# if spot is in the list stop it

  1. $ sudo docker stop spot

# then list images

  1. $ sudo docker images

# get the IMAGE ID form the list and remove it

  1. $ sudo docker rmi IMAGE_ID

# remove docker
#list packages

  1. $ dpkg -l | grep -i docker



# remove

  1. $ sudo apt-get purge -y docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-ce-rootless-extras docker-scan-plugin



# cleanup

  1. $ sudo apt-get autoremove -y --purge docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-ce-rootless-extras docker-scan-plugin